Today we have a guest post from author Ella Quinn on tea — so curl up with a cuppa and enjoy!
Ah, tea. Once could wax eloquently on the subject of tea, and one has. The small leaves have been the topic of erudite, and sometime heated conversation, especially when talk turns to how tea was drunk over 200 years ago. And why, you ask, would one want to discuss that particular matter? Well… because I am a Regency author, and, therefore, I tend to have conversations with other Regency authors on seemingly innocuous matter.
The actual origins of the drink are said to date back to Sichuan province’s Emperor Shen Nung 2737 BC. In China, tea had the reputation of being helpful in treating everything from tumors to making on happy.
Tea was first brought to England from China in the mid-17th Century. It made its debut around the same time as Turkish coffee and hot chocolate. Tea had been drunk on the Continent prior to its arrival in England as Ladies Arlington and Offory developed a taste for it in Holland and brought some home with them. At the time, tea was hideously expensive, one report in 1666 had it as costing 40s a pound when brandy cost 3. Considering the average lawyer earned the equivalent of £20 per year, it is not surprising that only the wealthy could afford to buy it. It was during this century that tea began appearing in coffee houses as well.
While the men were out drinking coffee, tea and chocolate at coffee houses which were morphing into clubs such as White’s, the ladies followed Queen Catherine’s example (she brought her own tea from Portugal) and remained home to drink tea a chocolate. There appear to be several reasons that coffee did not become popular at home, one was the smell, which many found objectionable.
The earliest painting I found of ladies getting together to drink tea is A Tea Party by Verkolje. Since 17th Century it was customary for the lady or gentleman of the house to actually brew and serve the tea.
By the late 17th Century, green tea in both leaf and powered form, and black tea called Bohea from the Bohea mountain region were being imported. If tea wasn’t expensive enough, the government decided to tax it, and smugglers opted to take advantage of that decision and a trade smuggled tea began. By the 18th Century the beverage had become so popular that no less than at least fourteen different types of tea were available, as were adulterated teas. Smouch making, the mixing of tea with dried ash tree leaves had begun. Because it was easier to hid smouch in green tea, black tea became more popular. At the end of the century, tea was enjoyed by all social classes.
By the 19th Century, tea was also being imported from India and Ceylon. The beverage was drunk at breakfast, in the afternoon (Jane Austen makes mention of it in1804), evening and in times of distress. A while ago, I ran across a quote from a lady stating that one invited friends to “drink tea” and that the term to “take tea” was vulgar. Unfortunately, I can no longer find the reference.
The popularity of tea also spurred new serving wear, furniture and later in the century rooms in houses were set aside for the purpose of drinking tea.
Now back to the original debate. According to Jane Pettigrew’s A Social History of Tea, which I highly recommend and from whence much of this information has been derived, Tea was drunk with sugar and either sweet milk or cream. It appears that more men preferred cream than did women. Or at least they wrote about it more. When Jane Austen wrote about drinking tea, it was with milk.
Tea plays a large part in my debut novel The Seduction of Lady Phoebe. The hero, Lord Marcus is devoted to tea. Unfortunately, his father will only allow coffee to be served at breakfast. Lady Phoebe, as did most ladies of the time, had her own blend.
Excerpt from The Seduction of Lady Poebe
A low growl from her stomach caught her attention. “I’m famished.”
Marcus nodded. “As am I. When I have a household of my own again, I’ll order breakfast to be served early.”
She turned Lilly toward the gate. “I’ll wager if we go back to St. Eth House now, François, my uncle’s chef, will find something to feed us.”
After they entered St. Eth House, Phoebe motioned to Marcus to follow her through the baize door leading to the kitchen.
With a brilliant smile on her face, she approached François, the St. Eth chef de cuisine. “François, we have been riding and are so very hungry. Will you feed us?”
He glanced from her to Marcus. “Oui, milady. Naturellement.”
François gave them each a warm bun with honey before shooing them up the stairs to await their breakfast.
Phoebe took a place at the table and Marcus sat next to her. Ferguson brought tea and she poured them each a cup. The buns were wonderful, tasting of honey and butter. She wondered what François would send up for the rest of their breakfast.
Marcus gave a satisfied sigh. “Phoebe, I can’t thank you enough for the tea. I almost always have to have coffee at home.”
That was very strange. Puzzled, she asked, “Why do you not ask for tea to be served if you don’t like coffee?” It was the first time she’d ever seen him disgruntled.
“I asked for tea once, years ago, and my father gave me coffee. He was so adamant, I never asked again. I still feel like a guest at Dunwood House, as if I’ll be returning to Jamaica. . . .”
THE SEDUCTION OF LADY PHOEBE ~ ON SALE: September, 19, 2013LADY PHOEBE STANHOPE, famous for her quick wits, fast horses, and punishing right hook, is afraid of nothing but falling in love. Fleeing a matchmaking attempt with the only man she despises, Phoebe meets a handsome blue-eyed stranger who sends her senses skittering. By the time Phoebe discovers the seductive stranger is the same arrogant troll she sent packing eight years ago, she is halfway to falling in love with him.
LORD MARCUS FINLEY last saw Phoebe striding regally away, as he lay on the floor with a bruised jaw and a rapidly swelling eye. Recently returned from the West Indies, Marcus is determined to earn Phoebe’s love, preferably before she discovers who he is. Determined to have Phoebe for his own, Marcus begins his campaign to gain her forgiveness and seduce her into marriage.
Can Phoebe learn to trust her own heart and Marcus? Or is she destined to remain alone?
“Lady Phoebe is a heroine Georgette Heyer would adore–plucky, pretty, and well worth the devotion of the dashing Lord Marcus. A marvelous find for Regency romance readers.” — NYT Bestseller Grace Burrowes
“Ella Quinn’s The Seduction of Lady Phoebe is a passionate tale full of humor, romance, and poignancy. Quinn writes classic Regency romance at its best!” — Shana Galen
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Hi Shannon, thank you for having me on today.
Great post and excerpt! I’ve never been a coffee drinker, but started drinking tea to settle my stomach with my first pregnancy. I’ve been devoted to tea ever since.
Thanks, Susan. I love my tea, and I have my own blend.
What an interesting post. I really enjoyed it–and I learned something new.
Thanks for your support Brenda. I’m glad you liked it.
Very interesting and informative, as always, Ella. Best of luck with your debut book.
Thank you, Callie.
Nice to have tea with you ladies. Congratulations, Ella.
Wonderful to have tea with you. Congratulations, Ella.
I love tea, can’t stand coffee. Panera Bread serves a fantastic blend called Earl Greyer. Love that stuff! Looking forward to your release, Ella!
Thank you, Allison. Hm, I’m always up for a new tea. The next time I’m in the States, I’ll have to try to find a Panera.
Enjoyed your blog and the excerpt is wonderful. Cannot wait for Lady Phoebe to be here!
Thank you, Ann. Me neither.
Thanks, D’Ann. Nothing like Cowboy coffee.
Loved this discussion on tea, Ella. My favorite drink, hot or cold, though I do drink coffee at work. When doing research on women of the Abbey Theatre, I found out that Annie Horniman’s (the theatre’s benefactress) father is the one who invented tea bags and made millions. Can’t wait for Lady Phoebe to release, Ella. Sounds like a wonderful Regency romance. (I also Tweeted!)
Thank you so much Jenna. The book I mentioned has the invention of tea bags as well, but I wanted to stop at the Regency. Thanks for the tweet.
Oh wonderful post and the story…love the spunk Lady Phoebe seems to have. Sounds like an awesome read.
Thanks so much, Bobbi. I hope you love the book.
Fascinating information on tea! One of the reasons I love historical romance is because of my forever love of history! And what a great excerpt from The Seduction of Lady Phoebe. It’s hardly fair that we only get a teaser. : )
LOL, Christi, If you think that excerpt was short, you should stop by my Eight Sentence Sunday. Thank you so much for stopping by and commenting.
This was so interesting Ella! I love reading about the history of everything English! I hapen to be relaxing right now with a nice cup of green tea. I tweeted for you
Hopefully unadultrated green tea. It was interesting to me that green tea was drunk first. Thanks for coming by and tweeted.
Awesome post. I am not a tea drinker but have British relatives and they are horrified by that. But the concept of afternoon tea is so romantic.
Love the excerpt – I have to get around to reading this book!!!
Thank you for stopping by, Daryl. You have plenty of time. It doesn’t release until September 19th.
Fascinating information about tea. Great blurb. Can’t wait for your book to be released!
Thanks so much, Stacey. I’m so happy you’re looking forward to it!
Fascinating post, Ella ! I go through quite a bit of tea at my house. Most Southern children learn to drink coffee at an early age, say 8 or 9. But we moved to England when I was 9 and that is where I became a lifelong tea drinker. I only drink coffee in New Orleans at Cafe du Monde. I have always found it fascinating that the lady of the house is the person to brew and serve the tea. A testament to its importance in society no doubt!
Louisa, I’m so glad you enjoyed it. I only drink coffee in Europe and only in the afternoon. I’ll have to try the place in New Orleans when I go to RT next year. There was alot more I didn’t add, such as maids selling the used tea leaves.
Fantastic Excerpt! Great history of tea too! I’ve always wanted to know more about it! Can’t wait to read The Seduction of Lady Phoebe!
Lauren, thank you. I’m glad I could add to your knowledge.
Oh my gosh! What a fabulous post. I think historical writers have to be part history majors to truly write the way you do! Plus, I like tea. 🙂
Thanks so much, Sheri. I really appreciate your comments.
Languishing my foot. Interesting article. The picture reminded me how ridiculous the men looked in their silly wigs. Thank God no covers show them like that. I cannot wait to read this book.
LOL, I was, before everyone visited me. Thank you for stopping by Liza.
I’m both a coffee and a tea drinker…Great post and loved the excerpt! Congratulations, Ella!!!
I’ve noticed that many writers often get the big things correct, but constantly get the small/common things wrong. Tea time is one of them, and in a country like America, which never, I believe, had one, the whole thing has been regarded by much of us here as a joke. Although, I remember hearing that us Yanks were considered barbarians for attacking, and not honoring, tea time during World War I. I can only wonder what our ancestors would think of our quaffing such large amounts of adulterated iced tea. My tea drinking is that of a fluid that is brewed so strong that it has been known to eat holes through coffee mugs.
Thanks so much for posting about one of my favorite things – tea. Sigh! And lucky you having your own blend. I’m putting it on my bucket list to visit you one day and have a cuppa with you.